Publication Support Coverage

From 1 October 2016 the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), Green Bank Observatory (GBO), and Long Baseline Observatory (LBO) are operated as separate observatories. NRAO can no longer provide publication support for non-staff authors of papers using GBT and VLBA data.

The NRAO provides publication support upon request for authors at other U.S. scientific or educational institutions when the paper reports scientific results utilizing ALMA and VLA.

Publication support will only be provided when all the requirements noted below have been met.

NRAO staff receives publication support at a level dependent on the number of authors.

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Publication Support Requirements

  1. The publication must include, as a footnote or acknowledgement, the following statement: "The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc."

  2. ALMA papers must also use the acknowledgment: "This paper makes use of the following ALMA data: ADS/JAO.ALMA#2011.0.01234.S . ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada), NSC and ASIAA (Taiwan), and KASI (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO and NAOJ."

  3. Facility Names: The full formal name of the facility is required on first reference, followed by the appropriate acronym in parentheses, not including a letter for the honored person’s name. All subsequent references will use only the appropriate acronym.
    • Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA)

  4. NRAO Adjunct scientific staff must note their affiliation with the Observatory as, "[AUTHOR'S NAME] is also an Adjunct Astronomer at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory."

  5. Non-resident Jansky Fellows should list National Radio Astronomy Observatory as their first institutional affiliation and their host institution as their second affiliation. All Jansky Fellows must include a footnote stating "[AUTHOR'S NAME] is a Jansky Fellow of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory."

  6. Reber Fellows must use the acknowledgement: "Support for this work was provided by the NSF through the Grote Reber Fellowship Program administered by Associated Universities, Inc./National Radio Astronomy Observatory.""

  7. Students and summer students must show their affiliation with NRAO as "[AUTHOR'S NAME] is a [student] / [summer student] at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory."

  8. NRAO staff using grant funds or other non-NRAO funding for publication support must submit their request through the Library with the grant number and the percent of grant support for tracking purposes and to simplify publication support.

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Submitting Publication Support Requests

Using the online publication support form at, the Author must fill in all required fields including:

  1. Proposal Code(s) for the observations reported in the paper. Ensure inclusion of all Proposal Codes using the notes field for additional codes.
  2. The arXiv number.

Page charge invoices received with no supporting paperwork will not receive NRAO publication support.

To discuss publication support, please contact the Observatory Librarian at or 434-296-0254.

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Additional Publication Requirements for All Papers

All NRAO staff, in addition to scientists who have used an NRAO instrument or archival data, are required to notify the Observatory Librarian of any paper submitted for publication, regardless of a publication support request.

All papers showing an NRAO author or using NRAO telescope data must include, as a footnote or acknowledgment, the acknowledgement shown above.

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Tracking – Reasons for Requirements

The data collected and captured in BiblioMetrix are used for NRAO publication reports submitted to the National Science Foundation and affect funding for NRAO. NRAOPapers is populated and maintained by the NRAO Library. Papers included in the database use a standard methodology. Additional statistics are available here.

Download Observatory Librarian Marsha Bishop's presentation on Page Charges at the TUNA Talk on June 25, 2014 here.

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Suggest a Paper for NRAOPapers

Please visit to suggest a paper you think we need to add to the database. Thank you for your input.

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      Modified on Friday, 13-Jan-2017 10:56:07 EST by Library Staff